Advanced Equine Studies
Advanced Equine Studies is thrilled to announce their 3-Disc DVD set, The Horse’s Respiratory System, received the "Best Educational Program of 2015" award at the Equus Film Festival held in NYC November 2015. Advanced Equine Studies makes college-level content available and convenient for anyone, anywhere, at anytime. Producer Andrea Steele says, “We make learning about the horse at an advanced level fun to watch. Instead of viewing a TV rerun, you can view our DVDs once a week and become a more knowledgeable horseperson.” Advanced Equine Studies DVDS are scheduled to cover all the horse’s bodily systems as well as other topics of interest. Watch DVD trailers on our website AdvancedEquineStudies.com. You can also buy our programs on TheHorseStudio.com.
Dr. William Albert
Blue Ridge Medical Center,
433 Church Street,
PO Box 602,
New Milford, PA 18834
Tel: 570 465 4500
Equine chiropractic care and nutrition
Joseph A. D'Abbraccio, DVM
Catskill Veterinary Services, PLLC
Mobile Veterinary Services
Earthly Remedies by Erin
264 Main Street Richmondville NY 12149
Tel: 518 534 3003
We provide an all natural product called Tick Flick’r that helps to keep off ticks, fleas, mosquito’s, biting fly’s, and more.
Amy Nordberg, CEMT, CCMT
Setmefree Animal Massage Therapy
119 Acorn Lane Bainbridge NY 13733
Tel: 607 316 8233
NJ Equine Imaging
Tel: 609 969 0569
Mobile Equine Imaging that can evaluate your horse's overall body condition and quickly identify potential sore areas that may need to be addressed before they become problems
Nicholas C. DeDominicis, Equine dental Technician.
I have been working with horses for most of my life, began training at a very young age and now make my living as an Equine Dentist. I have loved horses since I was a toddler and couldn't imagine doing anything else with my life. I especially like dentistry because I enjoy the satisfaction at the end of the day of knowing I have made a horse feel better.
Usually my fee is $75 per horse, however, I travel from Treadwell, NY so prices may vary for each area.
I work using hand floats and a speculum, not electric tools.
If sedation for your horse is required either the owner, barn manager, or vet will need to do so.
Tel: 607 287 9567
443 Schoolhouse Road Sharon Springs, NY 13459
Tel: 518 284 2213
'Barefoot, Natural Living-New York's ONLY thriving "Paddock Paradise" Natural Boarding Facility'
Our innovative boarding model brings horse boarding into modern times for the enlightened owner.
Kim Santamaria MS RN
Energy Nurse Healer
Tel: 315 427 6638
Kim is trained in both Reiki and Healing Touch and provides energy healing. Kim has experience in long term and acute care and strives to help people find their woundology andheal it so they find peace and well-being. Her services are useful in helping the athlete find harmony in mind, spirit and energy.
The Holistic Horse and Rider
PO Box 306
DeRuyter, NY 13052
315 396 3136
Equine Bodywork, Reiki, Aromatherapy, Riding Instruction (will be Level One Centered Riding Instructor June 2013)
Equine Dental Services
All work done by hand , no drugs
single horse $75
2-4 horses $60 each
5+ horses $50 each
Large groups 20+ call for a cash rate
Tel: 315 829 3135
How to Protect Your Horse from West Nile Virus Infection
By Kristen Browning-Blas
Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
Late summer is peak transmission season for West Nile Virus, and confirmed cases are rising among horses in many regions.
Veterinarians and public health experts urge owners to protect their horses by reducing mosquito populations and possible breeding areas. Equine veterinarians at Colorado State University’s James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital say two important methods will help protect horses against West Nile Virus infection: reduce exposure to mosquitoes and vaccinate against the virus.
Reduce exposure to mosquitoes
• When possible, stall horses during peak mosquito activity, at dawn and dusk.
• Eliminate areas of standing or stagnant water on property, dispose of discarded tires, and change birdbath water and water in tanks for horses at least weekly.
• Use fans on horses while stabled.
• Use insect repellants designed for horses. A fly sheet and fly mask will minimize your horse’s exposure to mosquitoes.
• Use incandescent bulbs around the perimeter of the stable.
• Remove any dead birds found on the property, as birds are part of the virus cycle. To pick up a bird, use rubber gloves or a plastic bag turned inside out. For information on testing of birds for West Nile Virus, contact your public health office.
Vaccinations for West Nile Virus
There are currently four licensed vaccine formulations available for use in horses based on efficacy and safety studies for protection against West Nile Virus. “West Nile is one of our core vaccines, so most people vaccinate here,” said Dr. Luke Bass, a veterinarian with CSU’s Equine Field Service. The American Association of Equine Practitioners recognizes the West Nile Virus vaccine as a core vaccination for all horses regardless of geographic location.
Though the West Nile Virus vaccine is commonly used in horses, vaccination is just one part of the preventive strategy; methods to reduce mosquito exposure should be employed at the same time. Vaccination against other causes of equine encephalitis (eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis) does not protect your horse against West Nile Virus.
The initial West Nile vaccination or booster vaccine must be given prior to exposure to the virus and your horse should be vaccinated well in advance of mosquito season. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best vaccination protocol for your horse depending on previous vaccination history and virus and mosquito activity.
Vaccinations for the pregnant mare.
It is important to consult your veterinarian to determine the best method of protection against West Nile Virus for broodmares. Several of the West Nile vaccines have been given to pregnant mares without observed adverse outcomes. As a general recommendation, reproductive specialists suggest avoiding vaccines of any kind in the first 40 days of pregnancy.
Diagnosis and treatment of West Nile Virus
Clinical signs of West Nile infection include fever, incoordination, muscle twitching, head pressing, hyper-excitability, anorexia, lethargy, recumbency (lying down), and death.
Diagnosis of West Nile Virus is made by noting the clinical signs and by positive diagnostic tests on blood or cerebrospinal fluid.
Treatment is primarily supportive, with anti-inflammatory drugs and fluids. Some horses may require hospitalization and assistance with a sling in order to remain standing. Products that provide antibodies to West Nile Virus are available, and the use of these products in equine cases should be discussed with your veterinarian.
Frequently asked questions:
Should I vaccinate my horse for West Nile Virus?
Yes, work with your veterinarian to determine the optimal plan for your horse.
Can I vaccinate my mare if she is in foal?
Yes, work with your veterinarian to determine the optimal plan for your mare.
How old should a foal be to receive the vaccine?
Recent research has shown that foals 3 months of age can be safely vaccinated against West Nile, and will subsequently build an immune response. If your foals are in a high-mosquito area, you may want to vaccinate them as early as 3 months for this disease.
Can a horse infected with West Nile Virus infect horses in neighboring stalls or infect me?
No, the virus is spread through the bite of an infected mosquito, not by contact with an ill horse.
Find current information on West Nile Virus here:
American Mosquito Control Association
American Association of Equine Practitioners
Obese Horses Lose Weight on Free-Choice Hay
Research Reflection by Dr. Juliet M. Getty
Researchers from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and the WALTHAM Centre for Pet Nutrition in the United Kingdom examined[i] how much weight obese ponies and horses lost when fed all the hay they wanted (ad-libitum). They also looked at weight loss when forage was restricted.
Twelve obese animals were used in this study: 4 Standardbreds, 4 mixed-breed ponies, and 4 Andalusian-cross horses. For the first 20 weeks, they were all fed hay, ad-libitum. During the next 12 weeks, their hay intake was restricted to 1.25% of body weight.
Obese Standardbred horses lost significant amounts of weight over 20 weeks when fed ad-libitum hay. Their average Henneke Body Condition Score (BCS) improved from 7.2 to 5.3. The pony and Andalusian groups also lost weight, though not as dramatically: average BCS decreased from 8.0 to 7.0. During the next phase when hay was restricted, all groups lost even more weight.
Implications for your horses:
The results of this study reveal that overweight horses and ponies, even breeds known for difficulty with insulin resistance, lose weight when allowed to eat hay ad-libitum (available all day and all night). However, it is likely that these animals would have experienced even more weight loss had several factors been addressed:
-The study lasted only 20 weeks. There was weight loss, but more time is needed, especially for ponies and insulin resistant horse breeds.
-The hay had not been analyzed for its sugar and starch content. Had it been confirmed that these horses were consuming hay with ESC + Starch levels less than 10%, the results would likely have been even more favorable.
-There was no dietary supplementation to alleviate inflammation. Body fat releases inflammatory cytokines which promote more fat storage. Obese horses benefit from dietary addition of omega 3s and antioxidants.
-The horses were housed and fed individually. The stress of confinement and isolation creates a hormonal response that promotes fat storage.
During the second phase of the study, where hay was restricted to only 1.25% of body weight, there was greater weight loss. This is to be expected, but at great cost. Forage restriction damages the horse’s ability to maintain a normal weight and subjects him to oxidative stress, causing harm to many tissues and metabolic processes. The researchers do not have a sequel to this study. If they had, they may have found that the animals who endured forage restriction became more severely insulin resistant, as well as developed leptin resistance.[ii]
Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. is an independent equine nutritionist with a wide U.S. and international following. Her research-based approach optimizes equine health by aligning physiology and instincts with correct feeding and nutrition practices.
Find a world of useful information for the horseperson at www.GettyEquineNutrition.com: Sign up for Dr. Getty’s informative, free e-newsletter, Forage for Thought; browse her library of reference articles; search her nutrition forum; and purchase recordings of her educational teleseminars. Reach Dr. Getty directly at email@example.com. She is available for private consultations and speaking engagements.
[i] Study: Potter, S.J., Bamford, N.J., Harris, P.A., and Bailey. S.R., 2013. Comparison of weight loss, with or without dietary restriction and exercise, in Standardbreds, Andalusians and mixed breed ponies. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 33(5), Abstract, 339.
[ii] Please read two articles in Dr. Juliet Getty’s Library, located at www.gettyequinenutrition.com:
1) Restricting Forage is Incredibly Stressful – Choose a different method to help your horse lose weight
2) Can the Damaged Insulin Resistant Horse be Fixed?
Reduce Risk of Infection When Traveling Your Horse
For many horses, this is the season for traveling to fall horse shows and events. Considering periodic outbreaks of equine herpes virus (EHV-1) and other infectious diseases, it is critical that your horse be in top physical health before embarking to an unfamiliar area. The foundation of that health is a strong immune system. Added antioxidants and supportive nutrients can have a positive impact on your horse’s ability to resist an infection.
Boost supplementation of the following nutrients per day for at least two weeks before you leave and throughout the travels or event; wean your horse off of them for two weeks following your return:
· Vitamins E and C: 5 IUs of vitamin E and 5 mg of vitamin C per pound (0.45 kg) of body weight
· Selenium: 3 to 5 mg of selenium
· Vitamin A: 30 to 60 IUs per pound (.45 kg) of body weight
· Omega 3 fatty acids: 1/2 cup chia seeds or ground flaxseeds per 400 lbs (180 kg) of body weight
· Protein: 14-16% of the diet, and of high quality protein by feeding a variety of protein sources
· Magnesium: 5,000 mg of magnesium per 500 lbs (227 kg) of body weight
· B vitamins: Provide a potent B complex preparation.
Be sure to check how much of these nutrients your horse may already be getting from commercial feeds and supplements, and calculate to add only enough to boost quantities as noted above.
Remember that stress suppresses immune function. An empty stomach is incredibly stressful -- both mentally uncomfortable and physically painful. Protect your horse by allowing him to graze on hay (and pasture, if available) at all times, throughout the day and night. And never let him perform without some forage in his digestive tract.
Attention to increased nutritional needs will go a long way toward keeping your horse healthy during the time away from his familiar surroundings and routine.
Our thanks to Dr. Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. who is an internationally respected, independent equine nutritionist who believes that optimizing horse health comes from understanding how the horse’s physiology and instincts determine the correct feeding and nutrition practices. She is available for private consultations and speaking engagements.