Horse Buildings Barns and Arenas.
607 768 7433
Country living from Farm Credit East
Loans for living a country life
Rural Home, Land, Farm, Equestrian Facilities, Construction.
7397 State highway 80
Mount Upton, NY
607 764 8393
Fingerlakes Construction Inc.
10269 Old Route 31 West
Clyde, NY 14433
Tel: 315 923 7777
Metal frame and post construction for equestrian projects. Horse barns, hay storage, riding arenas and storage buildings. Offices in batavia, Albany, Clyde and Homer.
County Road 35,
Lexran Home Improvement
607 245 6217
PO Box 712
Hunter, NY 12442
518 989 6361 office
518 441 3369 mobile
Photovoltaic technology can be used for agricultural applications such as irrigation and livestock watering using simple configurations. If a property is taxed as an agricultural entity, there are funding programs available through the USDA REAP program. Many equestrian entities have large barns that can be excellent for a PV system installation, and ground mounted systems are also a good option in many cases.
If a property has a commercial account with their utility company, one large PV system can be used to credit the billing on other utility meters on the same property, even if the other properties are listed as a residential account.
I'm in business to help Catskills Region residents and businesses have access to excellently designed PV systems at the best prices possible. My systems are designed to give my clients the best value for a durable, high energy production system, using components made in the US.
West Edmeston, NY
315 899 8977
Williams Fence of C.N.Y. Inc.
2033 Brothertown Road,
Deanboro, New York.
Tel: 315 841 4910
All types of fence building. A Priefert dealer. Also Wheatheart Post Pounder available for rent. Hours Mon-Fri 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturday 8 a.m. til noon.
There are many common mistakes that can be easily avoided when building an equestrian arena.
1. Using the wrong quantity or quality of stone
You should always be aware of the type of materials required for you build and what you are being supplied with.
• For the base layer (stone drainage layer), it is VITAL that clean, hard, angular stone is used.
• Clean: means the stone has been washed so stone dust/fine soil is not washed straight in to your drains, causing reduced flow of surplus water. We recommend granite or a hard limestone (not soft limestone).
• The stone layer should be 5” (150mm) compacted depth when laid, ideally the stone layer should extend 50cm beyond the fence/kick boards so the perimeter drain is laid outside the school.
• Be cautious if your contractor does not specify the grade/quantity or depth of the materials being laid. Clearly if less stone is used, it will be cheaper and some contractors will reduce the specification and price in order to win the work.
• Hard – means the stones are frost resistant, i.e. will not break down after successive winters, or fracture due to the weight of maintenance machinery.
• The quarry can provide ‘technical data sheets’ if in any doubt. A good test – take two stones and bang them together, they should not dust, crack or break – if they do, they are not frost resistant.
• Angular stones must inter-link together, so they need to be of similar size, typically 1 3/4 to 2 3/4. (If the stone is rounded it will never “knit” together, so the surface will never be correctly compacted if the base layer moves).
2. Inadequate Drainage:
• There should be at least one drain across the school and one on the perimeter, on all sides
• If the ground is heavy clay, additional cross drains should be installed and the diameter of the exterior drains increased
• It is important that the drain runs have a consistent fall
• If the drainage runs (trenches) are up and down (like a dogs hind leg), do not lay the pipe with pea shingle (fine small pebbles, that are “hard”)
• The tops of all the trenches should be covered with a fine grade (eg 4 oz) non woven geotextile membrane which will allow the water to pass in to the drains, but prevent silt/sediment.
• Avoid purchasing unwashed sand for the equestrian surface.
3. Weak Fencing Posts
• Fencing posts should always be concreted in, as they need to support the retaining boards.
• This combination should be strong enough to withstand the surface being packed against them, and able to endure being struck by any maintenance machinery.
4. Building at the wrong time of year/in the wrong conditions
• During a dry period preferably in the summer.
• Clay in particular needs to be carefully managed, especially during earthworks, such as “cut and fill”, so “clay heave” does not occur. (This is most likely to occur when wet and under pressure, which causes it “bubble up”, this can move the stone layer and membranes, leading to contamination of the surface and poor drainage. Should this occur, remedial works will be required).
5. Incorrect cut and fill
Cut and Fill is the process of cutting in to a bank, and re-laying the material lower down the bank to create a “level formation” for your outdoor equine arena. The banks/slopes must be created correctly to support the new formation.
Top tips from Martin Collins:
• The recommended depth of stone is 5” (150mm), especially for difficult ground, such as heavy clay.
• It is important to include drainage trenches on the outside of the arena. These external drains will stop the “run off” from adjacent paddocks – so this is especially important if an arena has been cut into the slope. They are also important because the outside track typically has the heaviest “foot fall.
Catskill Horse would like to thank the folks at Martin Collins for this informative article. You can find more helpful information from these footing experts at www.martincollinsusa.com. They also offer a free 25-page Footing Guide available at their website.